Displacement and Migration

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“Children will bear the brunt of the impact of climate change because of their increased risk of health problems, malnutrition and migration.” – IPCC 5th Assessment Report

As the impacts of climate change escalate, millions of people are in danger of becoming environmental refugees in what will become the largest global migration in the history of mankind. People in the Least Developed Countries (LDCs) and Small Island Developing States (SIDS) are being impacted first and most severely.

Estimates place current number of environmental migrants at around 200 million, a scenario which would require between 12.5 to 50 million acres for relocation.

The problem of forced migrations is a global issue:

  • The Solomon Islands: a small town is already preparing to relocate to a nearby island/li>
  • China: rising seas, erosion and infertile soil will force 30 million people to relocate
  • India: 70,000 of 1.4 million Brahmaptura delta residents risk becoming homeless by 2020
  • Bangladesh: Within 50 years, Bangladesh is expected to have up to 30 million climate refugees
  • The United States: more than 180 native communities in Alaska could disappear completely due to accelerating glacier melt